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Monday, August 26, 2013

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a type of disorder in which a person has thoughts and irrational fears (obsessions) that lead him to do something repeatedly (compulsions) to reduce anxiety.

Causes 
Cause of OCD is not known with certainty, but the following factors is considered influential in triggering OCD.
  1. Heredity. Those who have a family member who has a history of this disease is likely at risk of OCD. 
  2. Personality. Those who have an obsessive personality is more likely to get OCD. 
  3. Depression. Some of the symptoms of OCD sufferers often also exhibit symptoms similar to depression. 
  4. Organic. Organic matter, such as neurological problems in certain parts of the brain is also a factor for OCD. Neurological disorders such as those caused by meningitis and encephalitis also are one of the causes of OCD. 
  5. Conflict. Those who have this disorder usually faces a conflict soul derived from living matter. For example the relationship between husband and wife, at work, or self-confidence problems. 

Symptoms 
  • Washing hands repeatedly. 
  • Checking doors repeatedly to make sure that the door was locked. 
  • Counting or making repetitive statements. 
  • Collect or hoard goods. 
  • Afraid of making mistakes. 
  • Confused or excessive doubts. 

Treatment 
OCD is difficult to cure and may not have found the antidote. Patients requiring treatment to help control the symptoms. The two main treatments for OCD include psychotherapy (cognitive behavioral therapy) and medication (Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, Tricyclics, or Monoamine oxidase inhibitors)